July 2008

When my sister and brother-in-law suggested South Dakota and the Mt. Rushmore neighborhood as the destination for our family vacation this year, I was a little apprehensive. I was not too sure how much I will enjoy it. Going so far to see large faces of four political figures (albeit celebrated nation leaders) did not exactly give a “Gotta see that!” feeling in me. Besides, I was also worried if it would be a repeat of Grand Canyon, where I was total awe for about 15 minutes, but then soon was wondering Okey-Dokey. What else is here? Is there anything else besides seeing the same at sunrise, sunset, mid-noon, late-noon and late-night?

To be fair, that reaction of mine to the Grand Canyon was because we did not do the fun things like trek down to the bottom of the canyon, do white-water rafting, take horse-back rides etc. Those are hard to do on a standard family trip – at least our kind of family trips where little kids and/or senior citizens are part of the gang. Although the senior citizens definitely would not want to hold us back, on these trips you generally want to do things that all can be a part of and enjoy.

In any case, my brother-in-law assured me that there is plenty to see in and around Mt. Rushmore. I asked a couple of folks at work, and they also said that there are many interesting things to see in that area. So South Dakota it was, and I certainly hoped that what I heard was true, and it will keep me engaged for the four days we planned to stay there. Well it certainly did! And here is how…

We flew to Rapid City from Chicago reaching there early afternoon, on a very bright, and sunny day. Our accommodations were in a cabin in the woods near Deadwood, about an hour drive away. After we rented our vehicle, we grabbed a quick bite to eat and headed out to our cabin. All along the scenary, was quite beautiful, with green gentle rolling hills:

Our cabin was quite beautiful, situated on a hill called Strawberry Hill. The view from the front was quite nice:

First Day Evening
Our cabin pretty much had all the amenities one could want. Since we also had an expert Tamil South Indian cook with us, after a short trip to a grocery store in Deadwood, and using the minimal supplies we had wisely brought with us, we had Vatthakkuzhambu, Potato Curry, Chips, rasam (sATramudu/saatthumadhu in our lingo) for dinner that day. Yes you heard it – vattakkuzhambu in Black Hills – South Dakota! Do I need to explicitly say how good that dinner was?

In the evening, we had a deer walk by the front of cabin. We also enjoyed a beautiful sunset:

Then we relaxed in the hot-tub. Yes, the cabin also had a private hot-tub! And a fine one it was indeed. All we had to do was set the temperature, and wait it a little bit for it to be nice, hot and relaxing. Once the sun went down, the temperature cooled enough for it to be even more worthwhile.

Like I said, the cabin had all the amenities one could want. Our only complaint was that it had only one bathroom for the eight of us.

Day-2: Mt. Rushmore, Custer State Park, Hot Springs, Crazy Horse
Day 2, we were on our way quite early thanks to our bodies being still attuned to Chicago time zone, which is one hour ahead of South Dakota. We had planned to see quite a few places, although at that time, those were tentative plans as we did not feel obligated to push ourselves.

Day-2: Pactola Lake
On the way to Mt. Rushmore, we spotted the beautiful Pactola lake among the hills, and stopped to take a few snaps:

Day-2: Mt. Rushmore
At the famous Mt. Rushmore , we captured the four faces on our cameras from four hundred angles. The weather was quite hot, the sun hitting hard, but we still walked the “tourist friendly” trail that made a curve in front of the mountain. That was quite nice.

On our way out, we caught a few minutes of music from a Native American Rock Band. Also spent a few minutes inside the gift shop, which I noticed to be teeming with US memorabilia i.e. keeping up with the general US Government theme of Mt. Rushmore. However, what also caught my attention were several books about Native American history and culture. Some of the common words in the titles of many of those books were “betrayal”, “massacre” etc. That set me off in a pensive mood thinking as to how the Native Americans would feel about these four faces – symbols of their conquering nation, carved as a much-much-larger-than-life presence on a mountain in what used to be “their country” – to be seen for miles all over that neck of the woods. And two of those faces in particular cannot be endearing (euphemistically put) to the Native American people (a little more on this later). But I digress …

Still, Mt. Rushmore is an impressive feat – no doubt. To carve these giant faces on a mountain – the scale of the operation is still mind boggling. And of course the features on the faces, are brought out sharply, and clearly. The eyes seem lively. The sculptor Gutzon Borglum was indeed one talented man. BTW, did you know that because of the kind of rock they were carved on, the faces would be recognizable for a million years or more! I was floored when I came to know that! All in all, it was an interesting and enjoyable couple of hours.

Day-2: Custer State Park
After Mt. Rushmore, we headed south to Custer State Park, also in the Black Hills via the very windy Iron Mountain Road. This state park is Bison/Buffalo country against a beautiful backdrop of lush, green hills – a very pleasant scenary. You add roaming Bison/Buffalo herd to this, and if you have seen the Kevin Costner movie, Dances with Wolves, you will be able to relate to this scenery a lot.

We caught glimpses of Mt. Rushmore far-away at certain vantage points on the Iron Mountain Road, which while very beautiful, was very slow and very windy, and it did take some toll on some of the folks. By the time we entered Custer State Park, we were very eager to catch a Bison herd to complete the Dances with Wolves association. For a while, it seemed that we would just run out of luck, giving rise to the possibility of a disappointing and frustrating afternoon. However, soon we did spotted a huge herd far away, and after that, we also caught a couple of Bison right next to the road:

By the time, we saw those Bison next to the road, my daughter who was weak from car sickness was asleep. Later on I spotted another herd, and I saw that my daughter was awake although still lying down. I excitedly told her to look at the Bison, and without even raising her head, she replied with a deadpan voice: It is just a buffalo.

I kept silent after that 🙂 ! After all it was not like we were seeing lions, tigers and elephants!

Day-2: Hot Springs – Columbian Mammoth Dig site
We then headed to “Hot Springs”, which judging from the “marketing literature” seemed to have warm natural springs at the foot hills of some beautiful hills, with wild horses running around lush green fields. Yes the kind of heaven one would think to find only in dreams … and in marketing literature.

Hot Springs as it turns out, is the name of a town. To be fair, it does have hot springs, but that is now a giant indoor swimming pool with water slides etc. – in other words South Dakota’s version of the Wisconsin Dells. Those wild horses were part of some ranch 15-20 miles away – a wild joke on us on a blisteringly hot day.

Our only hope was what was advertised as a “Mammoth Dig”, which (supposedly I now thought) was a real dig site of Mammoth bones and fossils. By now, our interpretation of the marketing literature was leading us to suspect that this would be a mammoth disappointment. But we were luckily wrong. This dig site, around which a museum type of building is built, is indeed quite impressive. Apparently long ago, it used to some sort of a watering hole (a very very deep one) which turned out to be a death-trap for many Columbian Mammoths. The site is full of bones and fossils of Mammoths and some other animals. I forgot the number of mammoths whose bones have been identified, I think it is in the fifties (or eighties?) – and they still have not explored all of it.

Day-2: Crazy Horse
On our way back, we stopped at the Crazy Horse memorial, which is to honor an Native American Chief Crazy Horse, or as was clarified to us, the spirit of Native Americans. This is their answer to Mt. Rushmore, although it is still very much under construction. It is being managed by the family of the original sculptor (Korczak Ziolkowski), and he purposefully it not want it to be under Government management. The downside perhaps is that progress is fairly slow and it may not get done in my lifetime.

The chief is on his horse pointing at something, and one of the exhibits/material in the museum said it was as if in response to being derisively asked by the colonists and nation builders Where are your lands now? The response is Here, as far as our eyes can see (i am paraphrasing here).

By the time, we got back from Crazy Horse, and had our dinner, I was beat, even too tired to hit the Hot Tub. But that was me – others (including my daughter) certainly made good use of it. My daughter’s “journal” for that day had a complaint section, which included the entries: Too much driving. Not too many animals.

Day 3 – Cave Exploration, Wall Drug and Badlands
On day 3, once again with an early start, and we headed for Badlands, which were about a couple of hours drive from where we were staying. Our main agenda for this day was Badlands as we thought this would take most of the day, and we were also happy that we covered a lot of places on Day 1, and now we can “ease off” comfortably.

Day-3: Cave Exploration
We explored a cave on the way. I expected the caves to glitter with many crystals but it did not. Nevertheless it was quite interesting as we went quite deep down. It was amazing to see how many nooks, corners, and hidden passages were there in the cave, some with extremely precipitous drops. It was also interesting to know that that cave’s temperature remained 47F-52H throughout the year – so in the dead of the cold Dakota winter, one can find “warmth” in that cave. In summer, of course, it is on the chilly side. This is the first time I have been deep inside a cave, and while it did not match my expectations of crystalline glitter, it still was very interesting.

Day-3 – Wall Drug, and a powerful book
As soon as we crossed east of Rapid City limits, after just about every farm, or every mile, we were seeing ads for Wall Drug – a big store (not anymore just a drug store) in the town of Wall, South Dakota. The ads were like “Tired? Wall Drug”, “Thirsty? Wall Drug”, “Free ice-cold water. Wall Drug”, “Giant Dinosaur. Wall Drug”, and so on. I am told, if approaching South Dakota from east, the ads start from Iowa – i.e. many hundred miles from Wall! They sure make it seem like it is the only store in South Dakota.

Wall Drug as it turns out is a maze of interconnected shops and restaurants, which is really one super store. My interest by then was only in the book shop where I bought a wonderful book. I wanted to know more about how the country was usurped from the Native Americans, and I wanted something that did not have too much rhetoric – i.e. something mainly factual to get started with. I eventually decided on this book:

Native America, Discovered and Conquered

Native America, Discovered and Conquered

And it has turned out to be an excellent decision. It is pretty much fully factual based, with material drawn from biographies, government documents, court cases and documents covering the last few centuries. It highlights the destructive, poisonous mix of greed, arrogance, downright callousness (e.g. in even recognizing that indigenous peoples had rights), which brewed within the minds of European Colonists. This was also there in the American settlers, and the early nation builders, who very much inherited that mind-set, and executed it in the conquest of America.

The central theme of the book is the “Doctrine of Discovery”, something that was common acceptable practice among Europeans (and only them as it would be revolting to the affected peoples then, and perhaps hopefully to everyone now). This “commonly accepted practice”, provided avenue for laws, which in turn led the Colonists to feel “justified” in their actions, and (laughably if it not were so pathetic) actually believe they are being fair to the very people whose rights they were usurping by those laws!!! The book starts out with these telling sentences : The New World was colonized under an international legal principle that is known today as the Doctrine of Discovery. When Europeans and Americans set out to explore and exploit new lands in the fifteenth through the twentieth centuries, they justified their governmental and property claims over these territories and over the indigenous inhabitants with the Discovery Doctrine ……. The doctrine provided, under established international law, that newly arrived Europeans immediately and automatically acquired property rights in native lands and gained governmental, political and commercial rights over the inhabitants without the knowledge nor the consent of the indigenous peoples.

The author, Robert Miller, is a professor at a law school, and is also Native American Tribal judge. He hence looks at the conquest of Native America from a legal perspective, and this is indeed eye-opening as that conquest was done from a legal perspective if you view it from the mind-set of the American nation builders. Special attention is devoted to Thomas Jefferson and the Lewis and Clark expedition. Jefferson as it turns out was quite an expert on the legal ramifications of the Doctrine of Discovery, a master at weaving it, for expanding the American territory. He used every trick in the book. And his is one of the faces on Mt. Rushmore right in the Black Hills, deep in what used to be native American country ….

Sure – it is history long past, and what is done cannot be undone. I guess the least we can do is to not shy away from it, or not be ignorant about it.

Needless to say, I highly recommend this book.

Day-3: Badlands
We then headed to the Badlands, an area which looks like as if it is from an alien planet. We were expecting to get scorched there judging from the temperature the previous day, but this day, it was quite comfortable. What we instead encountered were very high winds, with gusts probably close to 50 m.p.h. That made the Badlands, seem bad bad badlands 🙂 It added to the aura of this place. You see wierd mountains, and rock formations with various colors – brown, reddish brown, pink, yellow. The rock formations themselves were quiet alien looking, and this is for miles and miles. However, the place is not completely inhabitable – there is plant life and animal life.

As we were driving through the Badlands, I couldn’t help but thinking how it would be to spend the night there and wander the weird landscape, under moonlight. It would be totally eerie – and I very much wish I could experience it. I could not do that this time, but I am sure it would like this (with the little help from my Mac using GIMP to get the moon in, and Core Image Fun House for the moonlight, and lighting artificially adjusted for a eerie, alien feel):

My daughter’s “journal” for this day included only the complaint section with the entry: Hot-tub only in the night. She had wanted to get in it when got up that morning, and I guess pretty much whenever we were in the cabin.

Day-4: Deadwood, President’s Park and Roughlock Falls
On Day 4, we took it even easier and visited the town of Deadwood, and also a President’s park. Deadwood figures in an HBO western series. The twin cities of Lead and Deadwood were notorious towns during the “Wild Wild West” days, with a lot of violence related to the gold rush. There was a lot of gold found in the Black Hills area. Even now there are lot of mining related tourist activities – although we did not partake in any.

We also visited a President’s Park which also turned out to be very interesting. They had huge busts of all the Presidents of US, and under each there was a detailed writeup of their presidency, which also had a frank and honest assessment. There was one exception to the frankness and honesty, and that was the assessment for the current President, which was entirely complimentary or at worst even-keeled, with no hints at any failures. I suspect that the owners felt that this may be the safe thing to do 😉 !

Finally, in the afternoon we saw the Roughlock waterfalls which was very nice! After that we headed back for dinner and preparation for returning back to Chicago, the next day.

All in all it was a very interesting and enjoyable trip. I am glad I went there and I should thank my sister and brother-in-law for suggesting the place (and planning our itinerary). Considering my trepidation earlier about spending 3-4 days there, I think we could have spent one more day, as I felt we missed out on Devil’s Tower in nearby Wyoming 🙂 !!

This is another entry about a favorite Carnatic Music raga of mine, although it is quite different from earlier ones. This is more from a personal side and is really inspired by one particular rendition of a song in that raga, and the special place it has in my life. The raga is jujAvanti (also known as dwijAvanti), and the song (krithi) is muttusvAmi dIkshitars cEtah SrI bAlakrishNam, and that special rendition is by the late Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer (SSI).

The krithi is on Lord Krishna, especially little Krishna. The lyrics and meaning (see here) are in typical Dikshitar mould – i.e. flowery Sanskrit woven exquisitely in general praise of the deity. However, I find that the raga jujAvanti is woven magically here to make it seem like a perfect lullaby – even though the words don’t necessarily convey that. In Carnatic Music, lullabies are typically in nIlAmbari (another wonderful raga). But to me, here, jujAvanti seems to set the lullaby mood perfectly. Perhaps, the reason is due this little “story” behind this interpretation.

I must have listened to that particular rendition by SSI a 100 times or more it seems, as it was a very frequent request of my little one to listen to when she wanted go to sleep. She did not always require music to go to sleep, but at times she wanted it, and it was almost always this song, and this particular rendition. I have tried lobbying for a soothing nIlambari, a serene SahAna, or a joyous kAnaDa/rItigauLa. I have even tried a different rendition of the same song by the same artist i.e. SSI! But nope – she wanted only this one. I would play it, and she would lie quietly listening to it, almost in a trance, and soon doze off. Sometimes, when she would take took a bit longer to go to sleep, and the song would end. She would ask for the song to be repeated.

Many a times I have lied next to her waited till she fell asleep – listening to this song, completely mesmerized by it as I am sure she was too. Many a times, I have noticed that she had fallen asleep in the middle of the song. Even though other urgent duties beckoned me then, the serenity that had set in my mind, and in the room as it seemed, was so enveloping that I cringed to disturb it even an iota. I would wait till the end of the song (I especially liked the kalpanaswara part), and wait a few more minutes savoring the peaceful feeling it left in me.

This indeed is our song. My daughter is a bit older now, and the times she requests music at bed-time has dropped significantly, but when the occasion arises, she does fall back to her old-faithful cEtah SrIbAlakrishNam.

Ok, here is the krithi part of the song, that special rendition by Semmangudi Srinivasa Iyer:

I really adore the kalpanaswara part – meditative, magical, intoxicating – you name it! Hence I present it as a separate audio file:

I don’t know who the violinist is ( is it Lalgudi Jayaraman?), but what a magnificent job! Sometimes contrasting the tune by playing a different note, or same note in higher octave, sometimes matching in lower octave for a extra touch of serenity. The mrdangist (don’t know who again), is also excellent matching the mood. All in all a simply magnificent team effort!

Now for the technicals.

A few days ago, there was a big hue and cry here in the US about a US Supreme Court decision that ruled in a case related to the Second Amendment of the US Constitution – usually referred to as the right to bear arms. They basically ruled that the Washington D.C law banning guns was unconstitutional as it infringed upon the Second Amendment rights of individuals. The second amendment is a fairly hotly debated subject in the US, with gun owners and lobbyists (mostly Republicans, conservatives) on one side , and anti-gun activists (mostly Democrats, conservatives) on the other side. The difference of opinion with respect to the second amendment centers around different interpretations of it i.e. whether it applies to individuals vs. state militia. This new ruling is treated as landmark by many, as they argue that the court as slanted (for the first time?) towards inviduals (and thus gun owners and lobbyists).

But this blog entry is not about this subject of guns and gun control. I have a more fundamental question – about the US Supreme Court Justice’s term. Since the Supreme Court Justice’s appointment is by a politically elected official i.e the President (although must be approved by a majority of the Senate), how come it is for life – i.e. survives the changing political climate in which it was appointed?

I am certainly no student of the US constitution, nor even decently informed about it, and hence this is more a question out of curiosity than anything else. To me, the current setup seems to allow for the possibility of abuse (albeit in circumstances that are sort of rare as a few things have to come into being). I am actually puzzled that the U.S constitution would be structured to even allow for abuse. as I hear it is an extremely well thought out constitution and I generally believe that.

Anyway, doesn’t the current setup provide room for abuse – the kind that is feared (and coveted) by both sides, depending on whether the President, and the majority of the congress are on “your side”? I mean that when George Bush had a Republican majority in the Congress, I heard many a rumblings from conservative commentators about how “we are going to overturn Roe vs. Wade and make it right once in for all”. You also had liberal commentators sound the alarm bell. The two George Bush appointees have certainly made conservative choices on big issues as was expected – very much like the Bill Clinton appointees has made liberal choices. Justice Clarence Thomas who was appointed by George Bush Sr. is extremely conservative, and so is Justice Scalia, who was appointed by Ronald Reagan. It seems that the last four Presidents have appointed justices who are either markedly conservative or markedly liberal – as per the plan, from what I can gather. So it does seem to provide a way for a President to leave behind a legacy that easily outlives his/her term by decades. Although clearly part of the process, this seems like abuse to me.

Hence the burning question as to how come the US Supreme Court Justice’s position is for life when it is appointed by politicians? I do know that a judge can get impeached but it has never happened, and probably never will. For impeachment you need clear evidence of ethical misconduct etc. It seems that the makers of the constitution somehow did not perceive any possibility of misuse with such appointments – the kind that seems to have happened.

  • Did they assume that Presidents won’t abuse it even when situation may tempt one to do do?
  • Did they somehow assume that Presidents would weigh the gravity of such appointments appropriately and thus put themselves above partisan politics etc.? In other words, did they think all Presidents would be men/women of great honor and dignity, and above being influenced by minions?
  • Did they not foresee their country ever being so divided as it has been for the last 15 years, a divisiveness that can plague even the top politicians? For issues like abortion, gun control, there are two warring factions, and they will do anything to win – so it seems.
  • Or is it just that, that the current means of appointment is just the most practical solution one can come up with? I mean, you cannot have the justices being “elected” like politicians. You can put a term – but how long? As long as the President? That would make it even more bogus – as it would be just as political. The fact that (a) some judge has to first to retire during a President’s term (b) the President needs a favorable majority in Congress (c) Needs to worry about political fallout – maybe they thought this was enough deterrent against abuse?

But still I would think the constitution should/would have shut the door shut more firmly. Perhaps, the makers of the constitution just underestimated how power can corrupt humans, and thus overestimate politicians?

What’s the real deal here?